The Cesanese wine is bright red in colour with an intense taste and a delicate nose that makes it the choice for important dishes. In 1973 it obtained the DOC, and in 2008 the name “Cesanese del Piglio DOCG” has been released.
In “XIV Book of Naturalis Historia”, Pliny the Younger describes a particular red grape grown in Ariccia which it is assumed belonged to the family Cesanesi grapes.
At the end of the nineteenth century two sub-varieties were distinguished: Cesanese di Affile and Cesanese.
The vine Cesanese of Affile dates back to Roman times, and its name seems to derive from the work of deforestation (“cesae” means “places to cut trees”, hence the name of the grape) by the Roman colonists to make room for vineyards. On the coat of arms of Affile is shown a vine shoot of black bunches of grapes with an asp coiled on the trunk.
Although the Roman history is more a legend, certainly the variety of the Cesanese Affile has been re-introduced and promoted in the eighteenth century by a Benedictine monk of the Monastery of Subiaco.
Cesanese del Piglio DOCG includes the territory of Piglio, Serrone, Acuto, Anagni and Paliano. According to the regulations, in the DOCG wine production 90% of the grapes of the must come from vines native to Cesanese d’Affile.
by Leo Camilli “La Bottega del Vino”, Colleferro (RM)