Rignano Flaminio is located along the Via Flaminia at the foot of Mount Soratte, the “holy mountain” of which the Latin poet Horace sang the beauty in ‘Carmina’, and is now a nature reserve. Its name comes from Giano, one of the oldest deities, depicted with two faces because it can look to the future and the past and, as the god of the door, can look both inside and outside.
Its origins predate the Roman period but its development came with the construction of the Via Flaminia around 200 BC (made by Caio Flaminio) linking Rome with northern Italy.
Catacombs have been found dating back to 300-400 AD and in about 500 AD the church was built for the martyrs Saints Abbondio and Abbondanzio on an estate of a Roman matron Theodora.
In the Middle Ages Rignano became a fortified ‘castrum’, where Otto I and Otto III stopped, and in 1114 the property passed under the Diocese of Santa Maria in Trastevere until the thirteenth century with the arrival of the noble families.
Pope Adrian IV died here trying to get away from the popular uprisings.
Rignano Flaminio was the husband of Vannozza, the famous mistress of Pope Alexander VI Borgia.
The families of Savelli, Borgia, Borghese, and Muti Cesi have alternated in its possession.