Archaeological area of ​​Vulci

Vulci was one of the most important Etruscan and then Roman cities. In its necropolis many notable ceramic and painting artifacts have been found.

The city was important for maritime businesses for crafts and agriculture, and was already active in the eighth century BC.

In the sixth century BC the local handicraft, with the additional influence of Greek manpower, produced ceramics, sculptures, bronzes, of excellent quality that reached the markets around the Mediterranean.

After the crisis of the fifth century BC, the recovery led to the construction of new public works and a temple built in the urban area.

In the second half of the fourth century BC Vulci started the rivalry with Rome and the struggles ended in 280 BC when it ceded to Rome most of its territories and the entire coast. The city declined rapidly thereafter until it disappeared altogether.

Among the remains of Etruscan and Roman phases are the walls, the doors to the city and the “Great Temple” originally from the late Archaic period, with base in blocks of tufa covered with molded blocks. The life of the sanctuary concluded around the end of the fourth century AD when the edict of Theodosius in 380 prohibited the pagan cults.

In front of the temple stood a spa and a late Roman basilica.

Along the “Decumanus”, the main paved road running through the town, there are several Domus made between the late second and early first century BC.

In late antiquity, it became a part of a rustic villa and then was completely abandoned

 

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