Lenola is located in the Ausoni Mountains a few kilometers from the coast, and it seems that its name comes from “Enula Campana”, a plant seen in the town’s coat of arms.
Of ancient origins, from 400 BC it was conquered by the Romans and given to Gens Emilia. At the highest point of the town identified as the Acropolis, was a pagan temple that then became a Christian site. Here Hannibal was stopped in 217 BC in the valley known as “valley of Hannibal”, where remains of his armour were found.
In 47 AD the town was subject to persecution of Decius from which began the story of the Madonna del Colle of Lenola. It was destroyed and sacked by the Goths, Lombards and Saracens.
After the Barbarians, the first written account comes from the second half of the eleventh century when it became property of Montecassino.
Lenola in 1138 was given to the family of Aquila. Involved in the struggles between the papacy and Frederick II, and in 1229 Lenola was occupied by the papal army and passed to Cajetani family.
It was involved in the Western Schism that in the Fondi conclave of 1378 led to the election of Clement VII after cancelling the papacy of Urban VI.
The position of Lenola, at the border between the Papal States and the kingdom of Naples, made it a natural target of all the papacy wars that took place in the fifteenth century.
In the night between 8 and 9 August 1534 the infamous pirate Kair-ed-din called “Barbarossa” assaulted Fondi and Lenola torching the rich Benedictine Monastery of San Martino. But in the end, the old Baron Manfred, placing himself at the head of most citizens, managed to defeat the North African pirates.
From the sixteenth century the chronicles speak of banditry typical of border areas. The phenomenon arose again after the unification of Italy when the bandits supported the policies of the Bourbon kings.