Caprarola is located on the eastern slopes of the Cimini mountains and, through the discovery of some tombs, the area must have been inhabited since the Etruscan period.
The first news about Caprarola is found in a 1223 document about a religious brotherhood called ‘the Cross and Discipline’. In 1275 another document reports that the Orsini were the feudal lords.
After this Caprarola came under the control of Prefects Di Vico family until 1370, when it began alternating between De Vico and the Anguillara. In fact, these families were always rivals and competing with each other.
In 1435 it came under the control of the Holy See and five years later was bought by Count Everso Anguillara who remained there until 1465. In that year Pope Paul II confiscated all their property, and in 1503 Pope Julius II gave assigned Caprarola to the della Rovere. The town began to flourish again and to be filled and the Della Rovere sold it to Cardinal Alessandro Farnese who became Pope Paul III.
In Caprarola Farnese built an amazing residence representative of the wealth and power that this family had reached. And one of the most remarkable urban examples of the 1500s and the ancient medieval village was by-passed in a spectacular way.
The straight road starts at the foot of the hill and goes up, through the filling of depressions and thanks to two bridges, until you reach the square in front of the imposing Palazzo Farnese.
The Farnese held Caprarola until 1649, the year of the destruction of the Duchy of Castro, when it returned to the Holy See’s possessions. The magnificent building was still owned by the family.