The town now known as Villa Santa Lucia is medieval and is perched on a ridge of Mount Cairo.
The area was the ancient settlement of Piumarola, linked to the Roman colony of Interamna, but disappeared during the Germanic invasions.
The people gathered around two centres: Villa, in the hills and Piumarola, in the woods on the plains.
The first recorded news of the two villages dates back to the eleventh century with the castle of Piumarola, where it is said St. Scholastica (the twin sister of St. Benedict) lived. It depended on the Abbey of Montecassino and was a point of control and commercial activity.
Villa and Piumarola were plundered in 1199 by German troops and later by Frederick II for their loyalty to the cassenesi monks, puppets of the popes.
The two centres are described in Inquisitiones 1267: Villa was divided into small groups of settlers, who practiced agriculture as their only activities, while at Piumarola existed a thriving agricultural business of monastic ownership.
At the end of the fifteenth century it became part of the Neapolitan state and was called Villa Saint Lucia from the name of the saint most venerated in the village.
The town has no significant monuments left standing as everything was devastated during World War II.