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The chestnut groves around Capranica produce a particular variety of this typical autumn fruit called ‘mosciarella’ which take their name from their method of processing. They are in fact very small tasty chestnuts and are still dried according to tradition.

The chestnut was for centuries the main food of the population of Capranica and it is said that the first specimens were planted by the Romans at the time of the war between Mario and Silla, just to feed the population.

In 1400 the Papal States issued a series of policies to promote new crops by rewarding those who planted new chestnut trees replacing old forests and plantations. In this way, in the sixteenth and seventeenth century all the vineyards were replaced by chestnut trees.