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The building was originally a ‘Curtis Dominica’ in the VI century, constructed over a pagan sanctuary, testified by tombs of the second century BC, and became the church and religious centre around the tenth century. The church underwent a major renovation in the XVI century and in its interior a series of frescoes was produced that tell the story of the saint.

Since the fifth century in this area breeding fairs were organised and products of the earth were important and this tradition has remained. Anatolia is the patron saint of the gypsies and her festival attracts numerous Gypsy communities to Gerano from all over Italy.