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The breeding of pigeons for food purposes has been carried out since the Roman period as an enterprise that had well-defined rules. The dovecotes of Orte date back to the medieval period and are dug out of the tufa rock. The requirements for these farms were that they had to be on the edge of the historic centre to prevent the bird noises. They had to be clean, with openings to the south for the sun and be near a water source. The cells, finally, were to be inclined inward to collect eggs falling down.

This structure was then used to dye wool from the XV when this industry was affirmed at Orte.