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The Gustav Line was built by the Germans to fight the Allies landed at Salerno and on their way to Rome after the armistice signed in Brindisi with the Italians on 11 September 1943.

The Allies thinking to encircle the Germans landed at Salerno and Anzio, but the Germans barricaded themselves in Cassino opposing with great resistance. The battle in Ciociaria, then, was bitter and long with a ” melee” in many towns.

Today these places are an “outdoor museum” because the caves, tunnels, trenches, bunkers are preserved: the most true and real testimonies of that war.

Next to small personal museums, such as that of Cav. Giuseppe Di Cicco, are public museums like the Historiale in Cassino.