At about 3 km along the road to the Highlands of Arcinazzo, there is a pathway which leads to the Valley of Thistles (Porretta) and the ruins of what was once the Villa of Calpurnius, a Free Roman, which dates from the first half of the second century AD.
The villa was discovered in 1890 and occupies an area of 1200 square meters with seven areas. One of these is probably a thermal building with mosaic floors in white and blacks tiles.
During the excavations they found an Epigrafe “The Dedication to Nymph Hosts of Guarcino”.
Perhaps this is the place written about by Lucius Junius Moderatus Columella, a Latin author contemporary of Seneca, in his book “De Re Rustica” which extols the waters of Guarcino and tells the Roman legions came here to heal their wounds after the campaigns in the Orient.
‘Est in Guarceno Campaniae fluens aqua montibus oriunda, salubritati corporis accomodatissima” (found in Guarcino of Campania a water source that gushes from the nearby mountains, most recommended for the welfare of the body).