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Ascrea is built on the slopes of Mount Philo, about 750 meters above sea level and has an excellent view of the valley and the lake of Turano. The town was founded during the eleventh century around a fortified place under the protection of the Lords of Collalto. Local people sought refuge to escape the invasions of the ‘Moors’, the Saracens.

In the early 1400s Ascrea was sold to the Mareri Counts and in 1500 it became a refuge for bandits. Pope Pius V came to get on top of the situation he ordered the destruction of the castle.