The village of Bolsena is located on a hill of the Volsinii mountains on the shores of the homonymous lake of long volcanic origin, today a nature reserve, along the Via Cassia that connects the Tuscia with Rome.
Its foundation with the name of Volsinii dates back to the 3rd century BC and was founded by the inhabitants of Velzna (Orvieto) who had escaped the destruction of their city by the Romans. The name Bolsena comes from the Roman transformation of the ancient name of Volsinii.
The ancient Etruscan-Roman city is found in the archaeological area where the city walls, the Mercatello amphitheater, the forum and an important necropolis with chamber and pit tombs that was used between the II century BC have been brought to light. and the 4th century AD
After the fall of the Roman Empire, the inhabitants moved to a fortress on the current height, perhaps to escape the incursions of the Lombards who used the Via Cassia for their movements.
The castle had then become a Longobard garrison for the control of the territory until it came under the control of the popes. In 1398 Pope Boniface IX granted it in vicariate to the Monaldeschi della Cervara family for almost a century and a half.
In 1451 Bolsena returned under the direct control of the Papal State and was a holiday destination for several popes.
Its medieval center is one of the best preserved in Lazio and is famous for being called “The City of the Eucharistic Miracle” from which the Catholic Church established the solemnity of Corpus Domini.The Miracle occurred when a priest of Bohemian origin who celebrated Mass and had doubts, he saw the host begin to bleed, Pope Urban IV, who was in nearby Orvieto, was informed of the incident and sent his bishop to check and take the blood-stained linen.
In 1264 the Pope promulgated the Bull Transiturus which instituted the Feast of Corpus Domini. The sacred stones are kept in Bolsena, one of which is always exposed to the veneration of the faithful.
Today Bolsena is a charming tourist town attracted by the transparent waters of the lake, which is one of the largest in Europe among those of volcanic origin, and the variety of food and wine experiences that can be made.