Cittareale is located in Falacrina Valley near the ancient Vicus Phalacrinae, the village, in the year 9 DC, Titus Flavius Vespasian was born, who became the Roman emperor and the father of two other emperors, Titus and Domitian.
The current village was formed in 1261 at the behest of the Angevin kings to fortify the area on the northern border of the kingdom of Naples. The name comes from Charles I of Anjou.
Here the kingdomof Naples bordered on the Holy See and the warlike towns of Norcia, Cascia and Spoleto. For this it was the site of many battles. During the fifteenth century it was annexed to the county of L’Aquila and for a long time it followed the historical events.
In 1473 the Aragonese decided military troops were to be housed in the fortress to defend the northern borders of the Kingdom of Naples and the town continued to be subject to L’Aquila. This continued to fuel conflicts with neighbours.
The village was seriously damaged by the disastrous earthquake of 1703.