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Pescorocchiano is located in the mountains of Abruzzo in the inner area that has an important ancient history. In Val de’ Varri cave paintings and traces of human presence dating back to the Bronze Age have been found. Some artifacts and remains of the IV-II century BC pottery were also found.

Probably here lie the settlements of ‘Nersae’ and ‘Suna’ built by the Equi. Nersae, in particular, has had great prosperity during Roman times between the Republican age and the Imperial. In the year 1183 Pescorocchiano was under the control of the Normans and then saw a succession of feudal families.

The name is derived from the noun “pesco” (large rock, rock) and a second element of uncertain etymology.