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The area was part of the Etruscan city of Veii and the territory was crossed by a network of Etruscan streets with numerous small Etruscan settlements that became Roman villas after the Roman conquest.

Most of the villas were abandoned in the fifth and sixth centuries, and in 780, with Pope Adrian I, Domusculta Scrofanum was founded, which included agricultural land, farms and hamlets, as part of the possessions of the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin.

Around the tenth century the people sought refuge on the fortified areas in high places to protect themselves from the Barbarian invasions. In 1027 the fortified center of Sacrofano belonged to the diocese of Selvacandida. From the thirteenth century it was owned by the prefects of Vico and then it went to the families of Savelli and Nardoni.

With Gregory XI, Sacrofano passed to the family of the Orsini and in 1662 the estate was sold to the Chigi family.